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2CV Production Models 1949 Berline A

2CV Index


Rack and pinion, rack mounted in front transverse cross member
Turning circle 10.5 metres


Front 200 mmdrums mounted inboard
Rear 180 mm drums

Parking brake operates on front drums


Maximum speed 65 kph
Fuel consumption 4 - 5 litres per 100 km


3 stud wheels
Michelin Pilote 125 x 400


2 cylinders, horizontally opposed, air cooled
Bore 62 mm Stroke 62 mm Cubic capacity 375 cc
French Fiscal horsepower : 2 CV
Compression ratio 6.2 : 1
Max power 9 bhp @ 3 500 rpm
Max torque 2 m.kg @ 2 000 rpm
Carburettor Solex 22 ZACI
Eight blade cooling fan


Front wheel drive via single dry plate clutch and four speed gearbox


Chassis comprising two longitudinal longerons to which are attached
1 suspension arms 
2 Tie rods 
3 Suspension cylinder
4 Inertia damper
5 Transverse cross member (not an anti roll bar)
6 Friction dampers

Below cutaway of friction damper (frotteur)


Bonnet with corrugations
No indicators
One stop lamp
One tail lamp
Grille logo comprising chevrons inside an oval
Available in metallic grey only
Canvas roof extends to rear bumper (no boot lid) - a metal lid was not fitted until 1958.


6 volts, 50 Ah battery, Dynamo

Early French market cars were fitted with only a single tail and stop lamp which was all that the law required.

The first few hundred production models had the headlamps painted black.


Length 3.78 m
Width 1.48 m
Height 1.60 m
Wheelbase 2.40 m
Track (front and rear) 1.26 m
Fuel tank capacity 20 litres
Engine oil 2 litres
Gearbox oil 1 litre
Unladen weight 495 kg

Above this publicity photograph demonstrates that the 2CV will seat four adults in comfort.

It also demonstrates that the company intended targeting women even though the stated intention was to mobilise (mainly male) rural dwellers as does the picture below.


Compteur : speedometer

Essuie-Glace : wipers

Dťmarreur : starter

Starter : choke

Contact : ignition

Avertisseurs et …clairage : horn and lights

Rťglage des phares : headlamp beam height adjustment

© 1996 Julian Marsh