Pierre-Jules Boulanger, an architect by profession, ran CitroŽn
after the company was acquired by Michelin, initially along with Pierre
Michelin and Robert Puiseux and after the former's death in a car crash
in 1937 he ran the company until 1950.
was the man responsible for the concept of the TPV - it is said that he
realised the need while observing local farmers who used horses and
carts and bicycles in order to get their produce to market. He
envisaged a cheap, minimalistic, low maintenance solution in which all
extraneous and unnecessary components were to be deleted.
was also an astute business man who realised that when CitroŽn ceased
production of the 5CV in 1926, the company had left the bottom end of
the marketplace to its rivals, Peugeot and Simca.
1934, just before Michelin acquired the company, Pierre Michelin
instructed his engineers to build a tyre-testing vehicle on which
certain automotive experiments might be undertaken.