Home CitroŽnŽt home

Site search powered by FreeFind
Do NOT include 'Citroen' in your search terms

Fabricados en EspaŮa

(Made in Spain)


Dyane Edelweiss
Dyane Capra
2CV
Dynam 8
GS GSA Dyane and Acadiane






Key dates
1924: creation in Madrid of SEAC (Sociedad EspaŮola de Automobiles CitroŽn), which had as its objective the import and sales of vehicles of the mark in Spain (from 1919, private entrepreneurs had imported vehicles that they bought in France).
1958: creation of the company CitroŽn Hispania and the launch of the factory in Vigo which initially produced utility vehicles derived from the 2CV. In 1977, this company absorbed SEAC and created the subsidiary CitroŽn Hispania S.A.
2001: creation of Automůviles CitroŽn EspaŮa in 2001, as a result of a reorganisation of the Group.
2012: the core services of the brand in Spain were integrated into the structure of PSA Peugeot CitroŽn Ibťrica.

dynam-ad.jpg

In April 1958 CitroŽn, responding to the high tariff barriers that protected Spain's domestic auto-makers, established the Vigo car plant in Galicia.  As in many countries, imported cars were taxed at a higher rate than domestically produced vehicles and this led many manufacturers to build cars in strategically important markets.  Local regulations usually required that a certain percentage (by value) of a car must use domestically produced parts and components and labour. Vigo was the chosen location because it was both a port and a free port.  Transactions that occur within a free port are generally not subject to local taxes which facilitates the export of products.
CitroŽn Hispania started trading in April 1958 in some old customs warehouses but then moved to its current location in BalaŪdos in August 1959. The initial workforce was around 100 workers.
The 2CV AZU van was the first car to be produced by CitroŽn Hispania in Vigo. The first 25 vehicles took a month to manufacture and were exported to Morocco.
Production totalled 400 vehicles in the first year of operation.
The 2CV berline was added to the product range in late 1959.
In 1960, production reached 3,600 vehicles and the workforce exceeded 500. Three years later, total  production of the AZU, 2CV and H van exceeded 19,000 vehicles.
The second half of the 60s and the first half of the 70s was not a good time for the company despite introducing new models such as the Dyane 6 and Mťhari.  The majority of production was for the domestic market where demand had fallen and this coincided with the arrival in Spain of new manufacturers. 

Left - the Dynam was a Spanish built and Spanish market version of the Ami 6 Break

The oil crisis in 1973 had special impact on the automotive industry. In Spain, rising unemployment and inflation  together with social conflicts following Franco's death should have created more problems but paradoxically, the factory achieved its best ever results. The introduction of the Spanish-built CitroŽn GS was the major factor. By 1975, 110,000 units had been produced  and the workforce increased to more than 6,000.
In 1975 Peugeot acquired 90% of the capital of CitroŽn and created the PSA Group. From this time on the Group's plants produced models from both brands. 
In 1977 the first Peugeot vehicle (504) was manufactured at Vigo and inn the 1980s, the Peugeot 505 was added followed by the Peugeot Partner where it was built alongside the Berlingo in the 1990s. 
The 1980s were characterised by the modernization of the plant and introduction of fully robotised welding.
Alongside the Peugeot 505 the CX and the commercially succesful CitroŽn Visa, CitroŽn BX, and CitroŽn AX were built.  The success of the C15 van (with more than one million being produced) was a turning point in Vigo's industrial activity and it participated in the design and subsequent evolution of this model.
Spain joined the EEC in 1986 and as a result import tarifs on goods imported from other EEC countries were abolished.  This opened up the Spanish domestic market to foreign manufacturers.
In addition to commercial vehicles, the factory built CitroŽn ZX (517,484 units between 1991 and 1997) and CitroŽn Xsara (247,705 units between 1997 and 2000).
During the first decade of the new millennium, factory production doubled helped by the introduction of the Berlingo and Partner, and the CitroŽn Xsara Picasso which was introduced in 1999 and represented another success for the Vigo plant.  The Xsara Picasso was produced only in Vigo. Subsequent models such as the C4 Picasso and C4 Grand  Picasso have built on this success.
CitroŽn also has a factory in Madrid which in 1978 was incorporated into the industrial structure of PSA Peugeot CitroŽn.

Dates

Model

Number built

1958 - 1970

AZU

106,005

1959 - 1984

2CV

280,459

1962 - 1965

Type H

426

1964 - 1964

2CV Sahara

85

1967 - 1978

AK

196,037

1967 - 1977

3CV, Dynam and 8

101,132

1968 - 1983

Dyane 6

233,104

1969 - 1980

Mťhari

12,429

1971 - 1986

GS and GSA

418,128

1976 - 1980

CX

17,199

1977 - 1987

AYU

249,321

1981 - 1988

Visa

231,905

1983 - 1992

BX

222,325

1984 - 2005

C15

1,181,407

1986 - 1997

AX

812,951

1991 - 1997

ZX

517,484

1996 - 2008

Berlingo

1,521,021

1997 - 2000

Xsara

247,705

1999 - 2010

Xsara Picasso

1,531,816



vigo.jpg
Above - aerial view of the Vigo plant

Total Spanish production was more than 11,600,000 as at 2010 of which more than 84% were exported.
More than 60% of CitroŽns sold in Spain are built there.
CitroŽn's five best-selling models are built in Spain.

Current production includes:

  • C4 Cactus (in Madrid)
  • C4 Picasso and C4 Grand Picasso
  • C-Elysťe
  • Berlingo

Cars built in Madrid include:

  • LNA (1983 to 1985) 4,267 units
  • Xsara (1998-2005): 359,242 units
  • C3 (2002-2010: 368,626 units
  • C3 Pluriel (2002-2010): 115,129 units






© 2017 CitroŽnŽt